Worldwide Locations:

Read the article in Arabic

Navigating Tax Audits for Pharmaceutical Companies in Egypt

Tax audits are a fundamental part of financial regulation, ensuring that businesses adhere to tax laws and guidelines. Pharmaceutical companies in Egypt are no exception, as they must comply with the regulations set forth by the Egyptian Tax Authority (ETA). This article outlines key aspects of tax audits for pharmaceutical companies in Egypt, detailing what pharmacy owners need to know for a smooth audit process and legal compliance.

Philosophy of Tax Audits

Tax audits are examinations of a business’s financial records by tax authorities to ensure accurate reporting and compliance with tax laws. In Egypt, the ETA oversees these audits, focusing on identifying discrepancies, errors, or fraudulent activities in tax filings. Pharmaceutical companies, due to their significant role in healthcare and high cash transactions, are often subject to such audits.

Why Pharmaceutical Companies are Subject to Tax Audits

Pharmaceutical companies manage numerous financial transactions, including the sale Pharmaceutical products with forced pricing and other products that fall outside the scope of forced pricing, medical equipment, and other health-related products. This volume and complexity increase the risk of errors or misreporting, making pharmaceutical companies a common target for tax audits. Additionally, the pharmaceutical industry’s strict regulations and the necessity for accurate inventory tracking contribute to the likelihood of audits.

Common Areas of Focus in Tax Audits for Pharmaceutical Companies

During a tax audit, the ETA typically examines several key areas to ensure compliance with tax laws. These areas include:

  • Revenue Reporting: The ETA focuses on accurate revenue reporting. Pharmaceutical companies must ensure all sales transactions, whether cash or credit, are recorded and reported correctly in tax filings.
  • Inventory Management: Accurate inventory tracking is crucial for pharmaceutical companies, as we need to separate the active & inactive materials. Auditors look for discrepancies between recorded inventory and actual stock, which may indicate underreporting or mismanagement.
  • Expense Deductions: Pharmaceutical companies can claim various business-related expenses as deductions, but these claims must be supported by proper documentation. Auditors examine expense records to ensure validity and reasonableness.
  • VAT Compliance: Pharmaceutical companies are subject to Value-Added Tax (VAT) regulations in some items -such as cosmetics- by law 67 of 2016. Auditors check that companies properly calculate, collect, and remit VAT to the authorities.

Preparing for a Tax Audit

Pharmaceutical company owners in Egypt can take several steps to prepare for a tax audit and reduce potential risks:

  • Maintain Accurate Records: Keeping detailed financial records, including sales receipts, expense invoices, inventory logs, and other relevant documents, is essential.
  • Conduct Regular Internal Audits: Regular internal audits help identify and correct potential issues early, reducing non-compliance risks during an official audit.
  • Stay Informed About Tax Regulations: Egyptian tax laws and regulations can change. Staying updated on current requirements ensures compliance.
  • Seek Professional Advice: Consulting with a tax professional or accountant with experience in the pharmaceutical industry can provide valuable guidance on compliance and audit preparation.

The Tax Audit Process

The tax audit process in Egypt generally involves several stages:

  • Notification: The ETA sends a formal notice to the company indicating a tax audit, specifying the scope and timeline.
  • Document Review: Auditors review financial records, including sales, inventory, expenses, and VAT filings. They may request additional documentation as needed.
  • On-Site Inspection: In some cases, auditors may conduct on-site inspections to verify inventory and other physical assets.
  • Audit Report: After completing the audit, the ETA issues a report detailing its findings. If discrepancies or violations are identified, the report may include recommendations for corrective action or penalties.
  • Appeals and Dispute Resolution: If a company disagrees with the audit’s findings, it can appeal or seek dispute resolution through legal channels.


Tax audits for pharmaceutical companies in Egypt are a vital component of ensuring compliance with tax laws and regulations. Owners should prioritize accurate record-keeping, conduct internal audits, and seek professional advice to prepare effectively for audits. Understanding the audit process and common areas of focus helps minimize the risk of penalties and ensures a smoother audit experience.

To find out more, please fill out the form or email us at:

Contact Us

Written By

Mohamed Abo Zaid - Tax Senior

Copyrights © 2024 Andersen in Egypt, All rights reserved.

Send us a Message

    I agree to sign up for Andersen in Egypt’s newsletter.

    Input this code: captcha

    Error: Contact form not found.