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Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) in Egypt: A Legal Overview for Potential Investors

Real Estate Investment Trusts, commonly known as REITs, represent an attractive investment model in the real estate sector. In Egypt, the emergence of REITs as an investment vehicle has not only democratized access to the real estate market but also diversified the nation’s financial landscape. Potential investors, however, need to understand the nuanced regulatory environment governing REITs in Egypt. This article seeks to provide a comprehensive legal overview, highlighting relevant laws and touching upon various topics pertinent to REITs in Egypt.

Historical Context:

While REITs have been prominent in Western economies for decades, their introduction in Egypt is relatively recent. The Egyptian government recognized the potential of REITs as an instrument to enhance liquidity in the real estate market and attract both domestic and foreign investments.

Legal Framework of REITs in Egypt:

  • Capital Market Law (Law No. 95 of 1992): This is the primary legislation governing non-banking financial instruments and capital markets in Egypt. Several provisions touch upon the establishment, management, and operation of REITs, ensuring a robust regulatory framework.
  • Mortgage Finance Law (Law No. 148 of 2001): As REITs can involve the securitization of mortgages, understanding this law is essential for investors.

Formation and Structure of REITs:

In Egypt, a REIT is typically established as a closed-ended investment fund. To be recognized as a REIT, certain conditions must be met:

  • A minimum of 75% of the REIT’s assets must be invested in real estate assets.
  • It should distribute a significant portion of its income (typically above 90%) to its shareholders annually.
  • It must be managed by a management company licensed by the Egyptian Financial Regulatory Authority (FRA).

Benefits of Investing in REITs in Egypt:

  • Liquidity: Unlike traditional real estate investments, which can be illiquid, REITs can be traded on the Egyptian Exchange, offering better liquidity to investors.
  • Diversification: REITs provide a unique opportunity for investors to diversify their portfolios by allowing investment in a range of real estate assets.
  • Tax Incentives: REITs in Egypt often enjoy tax privileges, making them more attractive to potential investors.

Potential Challenges:

While REITs offer numerous advantages, they also come with challenges:

  • Market Volatility: Being traded on the stock market, REITs are susceptible to market fluctuations.
  • Regulatory Scrutiny: Given their relatively recent introduction, REITs in Egypt are under significant regulatory scrutiny, which can sometimes result in rapid policy shifts.

Future Prospects of REITs in Egypt:

Egypt’s real estate market is vast and varied, and the potential for growth in the REIT sector is substantial. As the government continues its efforts to attract foreign investments and streamline regulations, the prominence of REITs is set to rise further.


REITs in Egypt represent a confluence of opportunity and innovation in the real estate sector. While they offer lucrative investment avenues, understanding the legal landscape is crucial. For those looking to delve into this realm, expert legal counsel is indispensable to navigate the complexities and maximise the benefits of REITs in Egypt.

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Written By

Joseph Iskander - Attorney-at-law

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