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Cross-Border Taxation: International Tax in Egypt

Cross-border transactions, encompassing imports, exports, and cross-border services, play a vital role in the global economy. For businesses operating in Egypt, understanding the tax implications of international transactions is crucial to ensure compliance with local regulations and optimize their tax position. In this article, we delve into the intricacies of international taxation in Egypt, exploring how such transactions are taxed, regulated, and influenced by double tax treaties.

Taxation of Imports

Egypt levies customs duties on imported goods, which are typically calculated based on the Customs Tariff Schedule. Additionally, a value-added tax (VAT) is imposed on the importation of goods and services. VAT rates may vary, but the standard rate is currently set at 14%.

Furthermore, businesses should be aware of specific import regulations, which might include product-specific taxes, exemptions, and licensing requirements. It is essential to consult with local customs authorities to ensure compliance.

Taxation of Exports

Egypt provides several incentives to promote exports, such as exemptions from customs duties and reduced VAT rates to zero %. These incentives aim to boost the competitiveness of Egyptian products in the global market. Exporters should ensure they meet the necessary criteria to qualify for these incentives and benefit from favorable tax treatment.

Cross-Border Services

Cross-border services are subject to taxation in Egypt. The VAT Law includes provisions for the taxation of services provided by non-residents to Egyptian businesses or individuals. It is essential for service providers to understand their obligations and potential VAT liability when offering services across borders.

Double Tax Treaties

Egypt has signed numerous double taxation treaties with various countries to reduce the risk of double taxation and encourage foreign investment. These treaties typically allocate tax rights between Egypt and its treaty partners, reducing tax rates on profits, interest, and dividends. Companies engaging in international transactions with countries that have double taxation treaties with Egypt should take advantage of these agreements to improve their tax position and avoid double taxation. Detailed information about these treaties and their provisions can be obtained from the Egyptian Tax Authority or from Andersen Egypt.

Egypt’s Economic Expansion

From the Egyptian perspective, cross-border transactions play a significant role in the country’s economy. They facilitate international trade, attract foreign investment, and contribute to economic growth. The government continues to implement measures to streamline customs procedures, improve tax administration, and enhance the business environment to encourage cross-border commerce.

Compliance and Reporting

Businesses engaged in cross-border transactions must maintain meticulous records and adhere to reporting requirements. This includes documenting transactions, calculating, and remitting the correct amount of taxes, and filing accurate tax returns in a timely manner. Failure to comply with these obligations may result in penalties and legal consequences.


Navigating the tax implications of cross-border transactions in Egypt is a multifaceted process. Businesses should stay informed about the latest regulatory changes, leverage double tax treaties, and seek professional advice to optimize their tax position while ensuring compliance with local tax laws. In doing so, they can participate effectively in the global economy while contributing to Egypt’s economic growth.

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Written By

Hamdy Yahia - Tax Partner

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